Russian is a language with a unique alphabet, tough pronunciation and a reputation for being one of the hardest to learn. But we do not think about it, because he is dear to us.
- A word of 2 letters, in which you can make 8 mistakes, is cabbage soup. Russian Empress Catherine the Great, while still a German princess Sophie, wrote a simple Russian word for cabbage soup like this: "schtschi", and these are 8 letters, all of which are incorrect!
- The Russian alphabet is unique. Some letters in it are exactly the same as in Latin, but others look the same, but sound completely different. And two more letters - b and b - do not have their own sounds.
The letter e can represent two different sounds: [ye] and [yo]. That is, for [yo] there is a separate letter, e, but these two dots are almost never written, so it turns out not e, but e. You can get confused
- In modern Russian, the word comrade is no longer used, so native speakers are left without a special word to address another person or group of people. Sometimes you can hear ladies and gentlemen, but it sounds a little pretentious and unnatural. Man, woman can also be used, but this is somewhat rude.
- The verb to be in the present tense is not used. But in the future and the past - it is used.
- The word order in Russian is free, but this does not mean that you can put words as you want. The meaning of a sentence can radically depend on the order of words. For example, "I am going home" means "I am going home" (although, of course, a lot depends on the intonation), but "I am going home" means that "I am going home, and not somewhere else." And “I'm going home” - “I'm going home, not you and not someone else. All the rest stay here and work! " So the order of words in Russian depends on what you want to say.
- To turn a sentence into a general question, you don't need to change anything at all, just intonation. "Are you at home" is a statement, and "Are you at home?" - already a question.
- Numbers one and two have gender, while the rest do not: one boy, one girl, two girls, two boys, but three boys / girls.
- The number one has the plural - one.
- In the past tense, the verbs have a gender, but in the present and the future they do not: he played, she played, he plays, she plays.
- Russian nouns have animation! This means that some animate nouns are considered "more alive" than inanimate ones. For example, in Russian, a dead man is considered more alive than a corpse. (We recall the school curriculum: I blame someone - the dead man, but I blame that - the corpse).
- The most difficult Russian tongue twisters: "Sasha walked along the highway and sucked drying", "In the yard - grass, on the grass - firewood, do not chop wood on the grass of the yard."
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