On average, each of us eats about 5 kg of chocolate per year, of this, of course, the inhabitants of the USSR could only dream of. At that time, many products were in short supply, and only a few could afford chocolate.
So what kind of chocolate did the inhabitants of the USSR eat? Let's figure it out together:
In 1942, the workers of the Krasny Oktyabr plant were given a difficult task - as soon as possible to create a new type of chocolate in honor of the victory of the Red Army forces in the battle for Moscow. Within three days several tons of "Guards chocolate" were sent to the front. The Krasny Oktyabr plant in wartime, in addition to sweets, produced canned cereals, as well as signal checkers.
For the first time Alenka chocolate was released in 1965, and was the first affordable chocolate. Note that the chocolate and the little ruddy girl on the packaging were so fond of the customers that almost every girl was called Alenka. The country was saved from the multimillion-dollar "Alenok" by a new decree, which forbade naming their children in a diminutive form.
It is interesting that in fact the girl in the photo is called Elena, who is the daughter of the photographer Alexander Gerinas. Prior to this, a photo of a little ruddy girl with wide eyes was published in the magazine "Health" in 1962.
Initially "Spartak", which was released in the Belarusian city of Gomel in 1924, was called "Prosvet". "Spartak" was the hallmark of the plant, and was produced even after the war. It gained so much popularity that it became one of the few that were exploited abroad.
Perhaps it would be incorrect to call this chocolate Soviet, since it was first released in 1908. The news about the new chocolate spread throughout Moscow, especially Muscovites fell in love with the beautiful chocolate wrapper, the author of which is still unknown.
It is interesting that at one time for the Lux tiles one could get not only a credit, but also the necessary certificate. The chocolate called Lux has always been of the highest quality and was very popular.
The Little Humpbacked Horse
The Little Humpbacked Horse is the first Soviet aerated chocolate, which was released in 1967. Interestingly, the children liked the chocolate the most, as they liked the bursting bubbles and the bright wrapper.
Inspiration chocolate appeared in 1967. After the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR Alexei Kosygin visited France, where he was treated to unprecedented chocolate divided into portions, he decided that the same should be in the USSR. The ballerina on the package is not accidental, as it is the hallmark of our country.
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