Table of contents:
- Why does the appendix become inflamed?
- How to understand that it is appendicitis
- How to check if there is appendicitis or not
- When you need to act urgently
- How to protect yourself
Inflammation of the appendix always brings a person to the surgeon's table. If you do not notice the inflammatory processes, then the situation can be very sad. Our site will tell you how to understand what is appendicitis and what to do first.
Appendicitis - This is an inflammation of the appendix, that is, the process of the cecum. This organ has ceased to participate in the digestive system, but it carries out the protective function of the body. Most often, appendicitis occurs in people from 10 to 30 years old, although you can get sick at any age.
Why does the appendix become inflamed?
It is impossible to say for sure the cause of the inflammation, since each case is individual. The most common is the closure of the appendix. The appendix occurs when the lumen of the appendix is closed, and bacteria in the intestine begin to multiply rapidly in one place. Sometimes the inflammation is caused by infections, chronic diseases of the abdominal organs, problems with blood vessels and even injuries.
How to understand that it is appendicitis
The main symptom of appendicitis is pain. But not in all cases it will hurt on the right side. The fact is that there are not many nerves in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes it is impossible to determine what exactly hurts. Therefore, at first it may be a general pain in the abdomen, in the navel area. Then the discomfort in the abdominal cavity increases. However, sometimes the pain can subside, which is not always good - this happens when tissues die, when there is nothing to hurt.
Other symptoms that, together with pain, indicate appendicitis:
- Appetite disappears.
- Vomiting - not constant, 1-2 times.
- Fever, temperature up to 38 ° C.
With these signs, you need to see a doctor.
IMPORTANT: you must not take pain relievers or any other medications, or give an enema until a doctor is examined. Symptoms may change due to self-medication.
How to check if there is appendicitis or not
To determine the disease in the hospital, a blood test, urine test, ultrasound or other examinations can be performed. But the surgeon will examine you first. He will feel the abdomen and make a diagnosis. You cannot put pressure on your stomach on your own, this can lead to rupture of the organ.
Tests you can do yourself without hurting yourself
- Cough. When coughing, the pain on the right will intensify.
- Curl up on the right side. In this case, the pain should subside.
- Turn onto your left side and stretch your legs. With appendicitis, the pain will get worse.
- Lying on your left side, lightly press on the sore spot with your palm, then release it sharply. With appendicitis, the pain will become stronger at this very moment.
When you need to act urgently
There are a number of symptoms that indicate complications:
- Increasing abdominal pain.
- Weakness, lethargy, cold sweat.
- Frequent palpitations.
- The temperature is over 38 ° C.
How to protect yourself
Acute appendicitis can only be treated with surgery - this is the safest way. Unfortunately, there is no way to protect yourself from inflammation. Doctors have not yet established what causes the inflammation process. It can be a chronic disease, constipation and even tooth decay.
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